Academic Edit


What can we do?

Clients can choose the level of proofreading, editing and formatting they require based on their time availability and budget. Most have decided that formatting and onscreen editing best suits their needs.

Proofreading, editing & writing services provided.


Clients often specify that they want their work proofread but this term is often misunderstood. Proofreading is usually done just before an edited document is sent for printing or publication and involves comparing two documents (an original with a changed version) to check that required changes have been made. A proofreader will also check consistency of layout (fonts, heading styles, page numbers, figure and caption numbering etc.). Most clients want more than this from an online editing service - they require more attention to the words and flow of the text associated with copyediting.



Generally we find that clients require more intensive review of their document to check for grammar, style, typographical errors, incomplete reference citations, cumbersome sentences, checking for internal consistency and logical presentation of facts etc. This involves marking up on a printed version of the document all the errors and changes required-however, very few clients supply and expect return of hard copy edited work in order to make their own changes onscreen.


Substantive or structural editing 

For clients who lack confidence with their written English expression there can sometimes be a need for work to undergo more substantive or structural editing. This level of editing encompasses the two previously described components but also addresses deficits in presentation, sequencing, rewriting of confusing sections, deleting repetition and wordiness, inserting transitional words to improve links and suggesting changes required to improve the document.


Formatting and onscreen editing 

Some clients completing theses or writing for publication in specific journals seek assistance with formatting their work in accordance with prescribed publisher or university guidelines. This involves onscreen editing and may or may not also include the above editing components, depending on the client's preference. This enables the establishment of a visually consistent written project with attention to headings, page layout, tables, and referencing style. The "track changes" facility in Microsoft Word® is used to indicate changes made and the client can then choose to accept or reject these changes individually. Two copies of the work are returned, one indicating the changes and comments in coloured text, and one with those changes accepted (a version suitable for presentation).

This level of editing is also very useful for clients who must change the format of their journal article when they submit to one that uses a different style of layout and referencing. As an example, AES can adjust author-date referencing style to numbered style or other variations.


Writing and research services   

By negotiation Academic Editorial Services can also provide assistance with: annotated bibliographies; design of manuals, documents, handbooks, and research proposals; report writing; grant submissions/research proposals; summarisation of journal articles; information research and retrieval; general writing and ghost writing; résumés; learning packages; multi-media projects; organisation and refinement of projects written by multiple authors. Please note: Authenticity of Academic Writing


Updated June 19, 2017